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KCC > Faculty & Staff > Copyright > Copyright for KCC Employees > Duplicating Print Materials

Duplicating Print Materials

Individual educators may make single copies of 

  • a chapter of a book
  • an article from a magazine or newspaper
  • a short story, short essay or short poem
  • a chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon or a picture from a book, magazine or newspaper

Multiple copies for classroom use include

  • a complete poem of less than 250 words
  • an excerpt from a longer poem (not to exceed 250 words)
  • a complete article, story or essay of less than 2,500 words
  • an excerpt from a larger printed work not to exceed 10% of the whole work or 1,000 words
  • one chart, graph, diagram, cartoon or picture per book or magazine issue
  • two pages or 10% of the words from children's picture books or comic books

Do not exceed one copy per student, per course.

Individual educators may not  

  • copy more than one work or two excerpts from a single author during one class term
  • copy more than three works from a collective work or periodical volume during one class term
  • make multiple copies of more than 9 works for distribution to students in one class term
  • use photocopies to create, replace or substitute for an anthology
  • copy "consumable" works such as workbooks, standard tests, answer sheets, test booklets, etc.
  • copy the same work for repeated use.  (suggestion is that works not be used more than 3 semesters)

Requests for copying materials shall be made at the request of the teacher, not at the direction of higher authority.

Copying shall not be used as a substitute for the purchase of books, publishers' reprints or periodicals

Source:  Reproduction of Copyrighted Works by Educators and Librarians