Recording of multimedia works is permissible when these guidelines are followed.
Broadcast or cable programming
- Television programs may be recorded from broadcast or simultaneous cable transmissions to the "general public" This excludes premium-pay programs such as HBO, Cinemax, Disney, etc.
- Programs may be shown once and repeated once for the reinforcement within ten "teaching days" of the broadcast. They may be retained for 45 calendar days from the date of the broadcast
- Recording must be made by the teacher or at the request of the teacher
- Programs may not be re-recorded at a later date, regardless of the number of times it is rebroadcast
- A limited number of copies may be made to meet the needs of several teachers
- Programs need not be used in their entirety but may not be edited or electronically altered or combined
- All copies must include the copyright notice as it appears in the program
- Institutions are expected to implement appropriate control procedures
- For short-term retention of PBS programs, follow the guidelines above
- For long-term retention of PBS programs, contact the local station for information about extended retention
Programs may not be recorded from a television satellite unless the programs are authorized for free reception or the institution obtains a license to copy the programs.
Films, videos, etc. may not be transmitted to classrooms by open or closed circuit television without a transmission license or written permission
Films, videotapes, filmstrips, slide sets, etc.
An educator may duplicate a "small part" of an item for research or instruction. While no guidelines exist for copying these materials, the congressional report accompanying the Copyright Revision Act of 1976 suggest that copying 10% of a program is reasonable, provided that it is not the "essence" of the work.
Educators may not
- reproduce an audiovisual work in its entirety
- convert one media format into another, for example, video to DVD